A Barger’s Guide to the Canal du Nivernais

A Barger’s Guide to the Canal du Nivernais

Amongst the beautiful inland waterways of France, the Canal du Nivernais offers a scenic cruising route through the bucolic, history-laden landscape of Burgundy. Originally created as a feeder waterway along which to float firewood, today it has a very different incarnation as a popular route for the new breed of barge holidays in France.
A Working Waterway

 

The 174km-long Canal du Nivernais serves as part of the wider Bourbonnais and Bourgogne link between Paris and Lyon. It runs north-south between the basin of the Seine (at Paris) and the Saône and Rhône, almost parallel to the Yonne. Along the way it connects the Yonne with the Loire at Auxerre and Decize, respectively. Its strategic position was no accident and, in 1783, the French government commissioned its construction as a channel to transport the firewood so desperately needed by the freezing residents of Paris.

It was many more years before it reached completion (in 1843), but it then became a vital transportation hub for everything from wood and wine, to coal, stone and charcoal. The canal is fed by the Yonne and also from the north by another feeder canal leading from the Pannecière Reservoir, via the beautifully-constructed and much-admired Montreuillon aqueduct.

There are 122 locks and 23 dams along its length and in one section three tunnels have been hewn from solid rock to allow its passage. Travelling through the tunnels has been described as a silence so complete it is akin to “the silence of a sepulchre”. Despite the magnificent feat of engineering required to complete its course, many of the locks were constructed to what were deemed ‘sub-standard’ specifications. This meant that with a length of only 30m, some of them were unable to accommodate larger barges, leading to a decline in the waterway’s usefulness.

It wasn’t until the 1960s that the local authorities saw the potential of the Canal du Nivernais as a touristic attraction, and an extensive decade-long rehabilitation programme was implemented. The works provided facilities and mooring for private and commercial vessels along the route, which has enabled operators to include the canal on the itinerary of their barge holidays in France. A host of surrounding attractions can be enjoyed from the water and on shore-based excursions.

Attractions en Route One of the most popular attractions en route is the magnificent Saint-Germain Abbey, in Auxerre. Dating back more than a thousand years, the monastic complex contains a veritable treasure trove of history within its cloistered walls. Along with the oldest wall paintings in the country, archaeologists have unearthed a sarcophagus from the sixth century and the crypts, nave and tower of the abbey are almost completely intact.

Something a little more energetic that can be undertaken along the canal route at the lovely village of Merry-sur-Yonne is climbing at the famous landmark, Le Saussois. This imposing crag set against a highly picturesque backdrop is renowned as one of the most challenging climbing sites in the country, although there are plenty of pre-bolted areas for novices to cut their teeth as well.

With a reputation as one of the most interesting and enjoyable places for barge holidays in France, the history, engineering and scenery of the Canal du Nivernais serve as an important reminder of the past and a delightful insight into the present.

Why AC Unit Size Matters

Why AC Unit Size Matters

Let’s face it, in the world of air conditioning service, size does matter. It may sound cliché, but it does. Purchasing a wrong-sized unit could be harmful for your comfort and for your wallet. There is an assumption that “bigger is better;” however, to assume so would be quite the error. Several elements should factor into your decision on which AC unit to buy. Take your time, and make sure you pick what is best for your home and hearth. Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating, the best air conditioning service in Austin, would even go as far as to say, “Take the Goldilocks approach,” and find a unit that is “just right.”
It’s Texas – you need AC. This is life, it’s essentially mandatory. Hopefully, you are looking for an air conditioning unit will provide that perfect combination of cool air and comfort. The size of air conditioning unit has a direct link with this.

 

Why AC Unit Size Matters
Finding the “One”

The consequences of choosing the wrong size air-conditioning unit range from the minor to major – from spending unnecessary money to potentially affecting your health with mold-covered walls. An air-conditioning unit that is too small could leave your space with uneven temperatures throughout, while a too-large AC unit could “short-cycle” – meaning it would constantly turn on and off. Both options are not ideal and lead to higher utility bills. Now that the seriousness has been pressed upon, let us delve deeper into the world of air-conditioning services.

Essentially, there are three important aspects to understand when choosing a new AC unit. They are: tons, British Thermal Unit (BTU), and square footage of the space you want to cool. BTU is used to measure the amount of energy. One BTU is equal to the amount of energy needed to increase the temperature of one pound of water by one degree (Fahrenheit). An AC unit has the ability to remove 12,000 of BTU within a hour (1 ton = 12,000 BTU); therefore, a 2 ton unit has the capacity to remove 24,000 BTUs, a 3 ton can eliminate 36,000 BTUs, and so on.

Are you wondering how many BTUs are in your space? Here is an equation to find the answer: (square footage of space multiplied by 25, then divided by 12,000) – 0.5 = recommended amount of AC Most houses, on average, are 2,600 sq ft. This means a 2,600 square foot home multiplied by 25 would equal 65,000. Dividing that number by 12,000 gives you 5.41. After subtracting 0.5, it can be concluded that the average American sized home needs roughly five ton of air conditioning capacity. Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating knows it can be difficult to understand, especially if there will be more than one unit on site. This is what we are here for – to help.

Let Us Handle It! Why AC Unit Size Matters

So let’s reiterate, all jokes aside, size does matter in the air conditioning service. Make sure to choose one that suits you and your space the best. There are many other aspects to choosing the perfect air-conditioning unit, that is why Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating, your top choice for air-conditioning services, suggests letting our professionals take a look and assess the situation.

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Giant tortoises are one of the best known animals in the Galapagos Islands. And, for nature lovers who choose wildlife holidays in the Galapagos, this is one of the most sought-after encounters. Like many other animals, however, despite its iconic status as the world’s largest tortoise, it faces the challenge of survival, and is now extinct or nearly extinct on several islands in the archipelago.
Of the 14 native populations, only eleven are left – with many of them considered to be highly threatened. The GTRI (The Giant Tortoise Recovery Initiative) is a conservation project  aimed at changing the flow and restoring its population across the island. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

GTRI work

Established in 2014, GTRI has worked closely with the Directorate of National Parks to achieve a number of objectives. The long-term goals of the initiative include:

• Restoring population to historical summits throughout the archipelago. This includes breeding programs to recover the islands where endemic subspecies have become extinct. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

• Rejuvenate and restore the required habitat.

• Survey of current population to inform future conservation research and efforts.

• Use genetic advances to improve future conservation programs.

Why Do They Need Help?

In an environment where it has no natural predators for millions of years, the Giant Turtles become the animals most affected by human arrivals on the islands. For years, they were used as a food source by settlers and maritime tourists, who managed to find out that they were able to survive for long at sea. They transport them aboard in holding the ship, and then kill them as needed.

In addition to being a source of food, the population is devastated by the introduction of animals such as dogs, goats, cows and pigs. Dogs and pigs loot eggs and hatchlings, while cattle and goats compete with the turtle’s own food source.

Although it is illegal to catch them today, and introduce animals gradually controlled or removed, in some cases too late. But generating an extinct subspecies, such as endemic disease on the island of Floreana, becomes a reality in itself by GTRI’s deductive work.

Progress Created

Species from Floreana Island have been deemed extinct since 1850. But thanks to advances in DNA testing, scientists were able to determine their genetic traces in 2008. They then tested the hybrid population on Wolf Isabela volcano island that has different DNA, and found that it fits well the extinct Floreana species. How this cross-crossing takes place is a mystery, although the most likely explanation is through human intervention, perhaps by dismantling them among the different islands.

A group of 30 have been transferred to a research center in Santa Cruz, where scientists can analyze their DNA even further. It was found that two were classified F1, meaning that they were descended from two elderly races. Through a breeding program, GTRI now intends to refill Floreana Island with the offspring of these animals – effectively bringing the species back from the dead.

Visit the Past and Future on Holidays in the Galapagos

Thanks to GTRI, past species are now closely related to their future, and it is highly likely that populations can be restored to their natural habitat. Visitors to wildlife vacations in the Galapagos can visit the Tortoise Center in Santa Cruz to see the resurrection of Tortoise Giant Floreana in (albeit very slowly). Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

LED cooling technology and cooling materials

LED cooling technology and cooling materials

Heat dissipation is a major factor affecting the intensity of LED lighting. Heat sink can solve the problem of heat dissipation of low illumination LED lamps. A heat sink can not solve the 75W or 100W LED lighting cooling problem.
In order to achieve the desired illumination intensity, active cooling technology must be used to solve the heat released by the LED lamp assembly. Some active cooling solutions such as fan life are not high for LED lamps. In order to provide a practical active cooling solution for high brightness LED lamps, the heat dissipation technology must be low energy consumption; and can be applied to small lamps; its life is similar to or higher than the light source.

LED cooling technology and cooling materials

Cooling method

Generally speaking, in accordance with the way from the radiator to take away the heat, the radiator can be divided into active cooling and passive cooling. The so-called passive heat, is through the heat sink heat source LED light source naturally distributed to the air, the cooling effect is proportional to the size of the heat sink, but because it is naturally distributed heat, the effect of course greatly reduced, often used in those space No demand for the equipment, or for the heat of the parts of the heat dissipation, such as some popular motherboard in the North Bridge also take a passive cooling, the vast majority of take the initiative to heat, active cooling is through the fan and other cooling equipment forced The heat will be sent out of the heat sink, which is characterized by high thermal efficiency, and equipment, small size.

Active cooling, subdivided from the way heat can be divided into air-cooled heat, cooling heat, heat pipe cooling, semiconductor refrigeration, chemical refrigeration and so on. LED cooling technology and cooling materials

Air-cooled air cooling is the most common way of cooling, in comparison, is also cheaper way. Air cooling is essentially a fan that takes away the heat absorbed by the radiator. With the price is relatively low, easy installation and so on. But the environmental dependence is relatively high, such as the temperature rise and overclocking its thermal performance will be greatly affected.

Liquid cool

Liquid cooling heat is driven by the liquid in the pump driven by the heat to take away the radiator, compared with the air-cooled, with a quiet, cooling stability, the advantages of small dependence on the environment and so on. The price of liquid cooling is relatively high, and the installation is also relatively cumbersome. At the same time as installed in accordance with the instructions to install the instructions in order to get the best cooling effect. For cost and ease of use considerations, liquid cooling heat is usually used as a heat-conducting liquid, so liquid-cooled radiators are often referred to as water-cooled radiators.

Heat pipe

The heat pipe is a kind of heat transfer element which makes full use of the heat conduction principle and the rapid heat transfer property of the refrigerant. It conveys heat by evaporation and condensation of the liquid in the fully enclosed vacuum tube, has extremely high thermal conductivity, good isothermal The heat transfer area on both sides of the hot and cold can be arbitrarily changed, can be a long distance heat transfer, can control the temperature and a series of advantages, and heat pipe composed of heat exchanger with high heat transfer efficiency, compact structure, advantage. Its thermal conductivity has far exceeded the thermal conductivity of any known metal. LED cooling technology and cooling materials

Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands

Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands

For avid nature lovers, a small group wildlife cruise in Galapagos affords a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to encounter a wide range of unique animals, including a host of fascinating reptiles.
The local habitat is extremely favourable for reptiles and the original arrivals were more than likely washed up on the shores attached to driftwood or vegetation that came from mainland South America. Because they can subsist on very little water, many more of them would have survived the journey than their mammal compatriots. Over the ensuing millennia, they evolved to adapt to their habitat in many ways – so much so that they are virtually unrecognisable from their ancient ancestors.

 

The Giant Tortoise

Needing little introduction, Giant Tortoises are probably the most sought-after sighting for visitors on a wildlife cruise in Galapagos. While they have no natural predators and were free to live extended lives and evolve to their massive proportions, at one stage human intervention (from pirates and whalers) decimated their numbers. Today, however, they can be observed in their natural habitat (predominantly in the cool, lush highlands of Santa Cruz), and also in the breeding stations on Santa Cruz, Isabela and San Cristobal. True to their name they can grow to weigh up to 250kg.

The Marine Iguana

These remarkably adapted animals are the only sea-going lizard in the world. Their ability to dive for food to depths of 15m sets them apart as a unique endemic species. They’re able to regulate their own body temperature and are quite often seen sunning themselves on the rocky shoreline in order to bring their temperature back to normal after oceanic dives. They can be found throughout the coastal habitat of the archipelago and, like the majority of the wildlife here, are not concerned by the presence of humans.

The Land Iguana

Land Iguanas are larger than their marine counterparts and are not seen as prolifically. They tend to be quite solitary in nature and prefer to forage alone for their food source (vegetation) in a grassy scrubland habitat. Their preferred delicacy is spiky cactus plants, which the hardened, coarse skin around their mouth allows them to devour, spines and all. A new Pink Iguana has recently been discovered on the volcanic slopes of Isabela, although due to the nature of their very small population it’s not possible for visitors to see them.

The Lava Lizard

Lava Lizards can be seen scurrying around everywhere, seemingly always in a hurry to be somewhere else. They subsist on a diet of small insects and grow anywhere up to 30cm in length. The seven endemic sub-species of the lizard all have unique adapted characteristics, depending on where they’re found. Experienced naturalists can tell at a glance from which island they come.

Reptiles Unique to the Region

Some of the other reptiles that might be seen are any of the nine species of geckos and the four sub-species of small, harmless snakes. Most of the reptiles of the region are now considered endemic, which means that those who explore these fascinating islands on a wildlife cruise in Galapagos will see animals that cannot be found anywhere else on the planet.

3 Items to Search for in a Solar-energy Provider

3 Items to Search for in a Solar-energy Provider

You Can’t possess a state Electric powered regarding picking out a solar power supplier business venture forces your residence, however, the ability is all on both handson. The electricity market-place means that is flourishing that there tend to be solar businesses than ever. Ascertaining among this category of companies may be overpowering and then stall your own aims to do it in the event you are not certain about the way exactly to compare 1 solar installer on every other.

3 Items to Search for in a Solar-energy Provider

Listed below are 3 items To search for in a sunshine potency company that will assist you identify successful:

3. A strategy to gauge your own energy needs and Out-put

Particular sunlight You couldn’t need the apparatus going such a particular path till that employees are proficient technicians, although organizations possess their own own salespeople designing sun programs due to his or her customers. Despite the fact that you understand the mill to get the potency fabricating of a panel, you have to see that the amounts of usually the one were completed out throughout evaluations completed below requirements at a laboratory.

2. Team Individuals and technicians In-residence

A few solar installers Will rely to receive your setup done. They will out source obligations that are special that they capable. Whenever you combine up jointly side your company otherwise, you might not be conscious with this. Search to get a business which is obvious in regards to corporations for virtually any region of the technique’s use. It’s mandatory that you comprehend who is accountable for the setup.

Inch. Protracted documents Of support over sunlight power entire world

Although it not Technically required for an business, There’s plenty recordings as soon as it has to do with sun and to be said regarding delight in Strength. Set up your ability firm must gauge, and also deal with Your own solar selection for many years ahead of time. If a solar installer is not a dedicated solar service they will deficiency the Appropriate and know how instruction to cope with each one of the nuances on your struggle To head sunlight. 3 Items to Search for in a Solar-energy Provider

Kick Sport Announces Black Friday Sale on Nike Shoes Magista Obra

Kick Sport Announces Black Friday Sale on Nike Shoes Magista Obra

Nike Shoes Magista Obra are often known as creative game shoes and are very popular among sports lovers all over the world. Sport Kick currently offers these Nike shoes at discounted prices on their Black Friday Sale. With a 360 degree rotational tractor, these shoes ensure total ball control for a soccer player.
Customers can choose from a variety of Nike Magista Obra Shoes collections, including Nike Magista Obra II FG Pitch Dark shoes at the Sport Kick web shop. Clearat sport is available in various sizes, and soccer players can choose a pair of Nike Magista Obra shoes to have superior control on the ball while playing soccer. These shoes feature revolutionary 3D textures, which also make them stylish in addition to being functionally advantageous for players. This dark color shoe is for players to improve their performance in the game.

Kick Sport Announces Black Friday Sale on Nike Shoes Magista Obra

The online store also brings Nike Magista Obra II FG Soccer Cleats at a discount. Cleat football offers a seamless match for players with different foot sizes and foot construction. The dynamic shirt collar easily creates significant space for breathing, allowing players to enjoy their game with full speed and strength. Shoes with woven tongue tongs offer enough stretchability to keep the player comfortable while running, hitting or kicking the ball while playing.

All soccer players and soccer fans can explore the talents of Nike Magista Obra II Tech Craft 2.0 FG stored in their web store. These shoes provide adequate support on one’s feet and the wire strap locks the foot of the player to move quickly with the ball at full speed. 3D texture enhances the touch experience with the ball with an increased touch area. The enhanced shoe design allows easy to use front foot movement for quick spin and agile field making.

Sport Kick has Nike Magista Obra shoes in various styles and colors combinations, and one can check all of their Nike football cleats collections and be able to take advantage of Black Friday Sale by visiting the website. Kick Sport Announces Black Friday Sale on Nike Shoes Magista Obra

6 Surprising Ways to Save Money in Auto Insurance

6 Surprising Ways to Save Money in Auto Insurance

Secure driving and fewer points on your license will always go a long way to reduce the amount of money you pay for Elkton car insurance, but this is not the only way to keep your premiums low. Check out this surprising way to save more money in your pocket at the end of the month.
Reduce Coverage on Older Vehicles

6 Surprising Ways to Save Money in Auto Insurance

Did you know that collision coverage represents the lion’s share of insurance costs? If you drive an older, paid vehicle, you may want to consider removing this coverage. Car owners with vehicles older than 10 years should be able to benefit from dropping collision coverage.

Increase your Deductible

The lower the deductible you have on your vehicle, the higher your insurance premium. You may have chosen a lower deductible because you are financing your vehicle, but if the vehicle is paid off and you are safe driver without any accidents in your records, you may want to consider increasing your deductible. Yes, you will pay more if you have an accident, but why pay more to drive your car safely every day?

Are you still financing your vehicle? You have room when you arrive at your deductible. Most lenders ask their customers to have a $ 500 deductible or less. If you feel stuck in a budget with a $ 250 deduction, consider raising it to $ 500 to lower your monthly payments. Doing so will give you a bit of financial relief without violating your lender’s rules. 6 Surprising Ways to Save Money in Auto Insurance

Save Money on Driver Teenagers with Safety Program

Not surprisingly, teenage drivers can make your insurance premiums skyrocket overnight. It is a case of whether they have their own car or they borrow yours. One of the easiest ways to soften a financial blow is to ask your insurance company if they have a secure driver program. This program may require evidence of a driver’s education class or may just ask your teen to take an online course. Even though your teenager may not be happy to participate in the driver safety program, you will be happy when you open an insurance bill every month.

Keep All Your Insurance Policy with One Company

Multipolicy discount is money saver. Whether it’s a life insurance policy, tenant insurance, or homeowner policy, you save it when you bundle it. Almost every insurance company offers multipolicy discounts, but if you’re with an insurance company that does not offer these savings, it’s time to start shopping for new providers.

Less Drive to Save More

Today people work less than brick and mortar offices and more than the comfort of their own homes. If you telecommute, work part time from home, or carpool for a week, let your insurance company know. Spending less time on the road means you are less likely to have an accident and this is news to be celebrated by the insurance company. Cutting the amount of driving you make to and from work can reduce insurance costs.

Research Safe Car before you Buy

Are you in the market for a new vehicle? Before leaving for a dealer, do a little research. Each year the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) assesses vehicles for security. Cars that meet the highest standards generally cost less to ensure. Not that this vehicle will not be involved in an accident, but if so, the likelihood of injury and damage may be much smaller than other cars on the road that are not equipped with certain safety features.

This restaurant invites you in by displaying its kitchen!

This restaurant invites you in by displaying its kitchen!

Concrete brings us a brand new Japanese watering hole and dining experience at Izakaya in Hotel Roomers, Munich.
Hotel Roomers in Munich stands out for its Japanese restaurant, Izakaya in an incredibly unique way. The restaurant announces its presence via its show kitchen visible through the glass facade of the porte-cochere. This kitchen block continues inside the lobby as a jewellery case covered in gold mirror – also the restaurant’s main entrance!

 

Black and gold dominate the colour palette here with a contrasting feature of light wooden lamellas along the ceiling and wall. Gold cladding uplifts the space especially through the backlit bar top, with a warm yellow marble finish that makes every drink sparkle. While the bar is a highlight element, one cannot miss the show-stopper i.e. the oversized wooden Koi-carp lamp. Typically Japanese, this lamp would’ve probably overpowered the design had it not been so dynamic!

Seating zones are created by introducing silk-printed rotating panels that are also black mirrors and level changers. The rotating panels serve many purposes: they can either connect or separate the space depending on the angle of rotation. While on one side, a Japanese-inspired artwork on silkscreen by artist Gijs Scholten anoints it; the other side is clad with a black mirror with different settings. In the early evening, the whole space can appear as one; while during the after-hours, the bar can be cordoned off to establish a darker and cosy mood that lasts deep into the night. This element helps the space adapt to its clients allowing for a truly transformable experience.

Upgrade Your Pro Ski Gear in La Plagne

Upgrade Your Pro Ski Gear in La Plagne

No matter how up to date your ski gear is, there is always room to upgrade. If you are anything like me, then only the latest and best equipment will do, and you know that hav-ing the most current gear is a great way to optimise your performance on the slopes. It is also the best way to turn heads!
In my opinion, the best place to upgrade is always at a ski resort, instead of back home or online. La Plagne is an excellent place to do this, as there are many fully stocked shops. What’s more, it is also one of the best resorts for a holiday with superb skiing and the option of booking a luxury chalet. La Plagne is a much better place to upgrade than back home for the following four reasons:

 

1. Experts on Hand

For me, the primary reason for upgrading at the resort is that you can get the opinion of experts to find the best and latest gear that is right for you. It can be daunting to shop for skis, boots, helmets, clothing and other gear when there is so much variety. An expert will be able to guide you through what is available, and help you to find the right equipment for your age, gender, height, weight and personal preference.

2. Range

Another reason to buy at the resort is because of the wide range that’s available to you. Modern ski gear is catered to different terrains and personal tastes, so it is helpful to be in the store and browse a selection. This could be cross-country skis, race skis, mini skis, slope, all-mountain or another type.

3. Try Outs

A huge benefit of buying in La Plagne is that many places will allow you to try out the gear before making a purchase. You never really know how the equipment will perform until you are on the mountain, which is why buying at home is a huge gamble that may not pay off.

4. Shops

La Plagne has a selection of sports shops that are full of the latest gear and have friendly staff to assist you. Here are a few of the best!

Zig Zag – This is a very friendly sports store that’s run by the welcoming and helpful Yannick, who will happily spend time with you to find the right gear. This is very handy, as they have a huge selection of products, stocking all of the major brands like Stockli, Drake, Fisher and Northwave.

Elpro – There are four Elpro stores around the resort, so chances are there will be one close to your chalet. La Plagne’s most experienced skiers come here to shop, as the store always has the very latest equipment and offer everything that you need to hit the slopes in style.

Guidon Sports – Guidon Sports is a popular shop which is conveniently located right in the heart of La Plagne. Guidon also offers high-end clothing and ski equipment with the chance to make huge savings with the generous discounts usually on offer.

Belle Plagne Sports – Belle Plagne Sports renews their skis, snowboards, clothes, boots and accessories each year, so you will always find the latest here. There are three stores around the area, and each has equipment for all abilities. There are plenty of staff members on hand to offer sound advice.

La Plagne is a superb place to upgrade your gear, and it is also a great choice for skiing and relaxing. Thanks to the option of booking a luxury chalet, La Plagne attracts avid skiers from all around the world – so if you are looking to buy the latest gear, this is the best place to do so.